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HIV/AIDS Prevention Grades 9-12
Lesson 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 |
| 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | return to HIV Curriculum


Healthy and Responsible Relationships

Abstinence Curriculum
Healthy and Responsible Relationships
is an abstinence-based curriculum; however, it provides three options for implementation, including an abstinence-only option.

Local school districts are encouraged to determine which type of HIV and/or sex education curriculum best meets their needs and select from the following options:

  • abstinence-only

  • abstinence-based with condoms as disease risk reduction, but without other forms of contraception

  • abstinence-based with contraception including condoms

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Student Learning Objectives

Lesson 1: Friendship First

The students will:
  • Describe guidelines for class discussions that promote a safe, productive learning environment.

  • Describe criteria for selecting peers to be friends or potential romantic partners.
  • Identify infatuation as a normal phase during which decision-making is impaired.
  • List ways to make good choices while getting to know people.

Lesson 2: Relationships and Responsibility

The students will:
  • State that having a healthy, responsible relationship as a couple means avoiding possible physical, emotional, economic, and legal consequences of sex, including pregnancy, HIV, and other STIs.

  • Explore how stereotypes and peer influence can impact sexual decision making.
  • Describe different ways of communicating caring, love, and respect, without sexual intercourse.
  • Explain the importance of making decisions regarding personal sexual limits.
  • Explain the importance of communicating personal sexual limits and values in relationships.
  • Clarify the benefits of abstaining from sex or ceasing sex if sexually active.
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Lesson 3: Building Healthy Relationships

The students will:  
  • Define the terms “love,” “infatuation,” “sex,” “sexuality,” “sexual activity,” “abstinence,” and “sexual intercourse.”

  • Describe ways to develop healthy relationships with friends and family members, and healthy dating relationships.
  • Talk with parents and/or other trusted adults about relationships and sexual issues.
  • Describe the contributions healthy relationships make to the quality of life. (Optional Activity)
  • Compare and contrast different ways of communicating caring and love in different relationships. (Optional Activity)
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Lesson 4: The Many Facets of Intimacy

The students will: 
  • Discuss why teens sometimes confuse love, sex, and intimacy.

  • Discuss characteristics of intimate relationships, both friendships and romantic relationships.
  • Identify honesty and safety as key ingredients in a healthy relationship.
  • Analyze the impact of sexual intercourse on building intimacy in relationships and the benefits of abstaining from sex.
  • Describe ways to develop intimacy in four domains.
  • Identify and select things to do to build true intimacy without having sexual intercourse.
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Lesson 5: Let’s Hear the Facts

The students will:
  • List the most prevalent and serious sexually transmitted infections.

  • Summarize the symptoms, modes of transmission, consequences, and how to prevent transmission of six sexually transmitted infections: HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital warts, herpes, and syphilis.
  • Identify sexually transmitted infections as a possibility of sex that can be prevented by abstinence.
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Lesson 6:  More About STIs

The students will:
  • Examine answers to questions regarding sexually transmitted infections.
  • Summarize facts about sexually transmitted infections.
  • Illustrate how sexually transmitted infections spread in a progressive manner.
  • Conclude that abstinence and lifetime monogamy are the most effective ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
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Lesson 7:  The Stakes Are High

The students will:
  • Recognize teens’ vulnerability to HIV infection.
  • Summarize the physical, social, and emotional impacts of HIV infection and AIDS on teens and society.
  • Summarize the impact of HIV infection and AIDS on friends, family, and future dreams.
  • Identify reputable sources of information.
  • Demonstrate how to contact resources appropriately.
  • Assess personal perception of risk for HIV infection and other STIs.
  • Identify abstinence from sex as the most effective way to prevent infection.
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Lesson 8:  Know the Risks!

The students will:
  • Review the terms “sex,” “sexuality,” “sexual activity,” “abstinence,” and “sexual intercourse.”
  • Categorize different behaviors according to level of risk for transmission of HIV and other STIs.
  • Establish personal limits for personal behavior.
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Lesson 9:  Examining Influences, Including the Law

The students will: 
  • Examine influences that encourage and/or discourage risky behaviors.
  • Identify the law as an important influence in making decisions regarding relationships, abstinence, and sex.
  • Identify the legal age of consent and consequences of underage sex.
  • Discuss the benefits of laws that regulate the age of consent for sex.
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Lesson 10:  When Talking Is Tough

The students will:

  • Summarize the benefits of discussing decisions about sex and potential consequences with parents, family members, other trusted adults, peers, sexual partners, and medical professionals.

  • Explain why STIs, HIV infection, AIDS, and related subjects are difficult to discuss.

  • Demonstrate use of skills for communicating with parents, family members, other trusted adults, peers, sexual partners, and medical professionals.
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Lesson 11:  Know Your Limits and Avoid the Risks

The students will:

  • State that the majority of students in ninth and tenth grades are not having sexual intercourse.

  • Describe possible legal consequences of sex.

  • Identify and predict situations that could result in pregnancy or transmission of HIV or other STIs.

  • Identify ways to avoid risky situations and behaviors.

  • Demonstrate methods of controlling personal behavior to avoid situations that could result in pregnancy or transmission of HIV or other STIs.
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Lesson 12:  Exerting Positive Influence

The students will:

  • Describe reasons different influences affect how people behave and why people follow the law.

  • Describe ways to be a positive influence on peers.

  • Practice ways to influence peers to choose behaviors that are not risky.
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Lesson 13:  Escape the Risks by Setting Limits and Using Refusal Skills

The students will:

  • Identify ways to escape situations that could result in pregnancy or transmission of HIV and other STIs.

  • Demonstrate effective limit-setting and refusal skills to escape situations that could result in pregnancy or transmission of HIV and other STIs.
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Lesson 14:  The Cost of Pregnancy and Teen Parenting

The students will:

  • Evaluate the economic costs of pregnancy and teen parenting.

  • Predict the social and emotional impact pregnancy and teen parenting would have on personal lifestyle.

  • Identify adoption as an option for teen parents who decide they are not ready for parenting.

  • Identify Safe Delivery as an alternative to infant abandonment for teen parents.

  • Conclude that pregnancy can be fully prevented by abstaining from sex.
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Lesson 15:  Reducing the Risks: Condom Use

The students will:

  • Review behaviors that are high risk for pregnancy or transmission of infection.

  • Review the possible legal consequences of sex and how abstinence can fully prevent pregnancy and STIs.

  • Identify ways to reduce the risks for pregnancy and STIs.

  • Identify barriers to condom use and reasons people give for not using condoms.

  • Suggest ways to reduce the barriers to condom use and refute the reasons for not using condoms.

  • Apply steps for correct condom use as a risk reduction strategy.
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Lesson 16:  Reducing the Risks: How to Prevent Pregnancy (Part 1)

The students will:

  • List reasons to postpone and/or prevent pregnancy.

  • Describe parents’ responsibilities to children born in and out of wedlock.

  • Identify current contraceptive methods to reduce risk of pregnancy.
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Lesson 17 Reducing the Risks: How to Prevent Pregnancy (Part 2)

The students will:

  • Identify places to access contraceptive information, products, and services.

  • Compare and contrast the pros and cons of current contraceptive methods.

  • Identify what method of preventing pregnancy, including abstinence, might work best for individual circumstances now and in the future.
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Lesson 18:  Responding to Pressure

The students will:

  • Demonstrate effective use of limit-setting and refusal skills with partners who resist using condoms and other contraceptive methods (abstinence-based).

  • Demonstrate effective use of limit-setting and refusal skills with partners pressuring to have sex (abstinence-only).
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Lesson 19:  Testing: Who, Why, and How

The students will:

  • List reasons to be tested for pregnancy and STIs, including HIV.

  • Identify who should be tested.

  • Summarize the advantages of early diagnosis of pregnancy, and early detection and treatment of STIs.

  • Summarize the procedures used for testing for pregnancy and STIs.

  • Practice communicating with a peer who might need to be tested for pregnancy and STIs.
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Lesson 20:  Looking to the Future

The students will:

  • Distinguish between wishing or dreaming and personal goal-setting.

  • Describe the steps in goal setting.

  • Identify personal goals.

  • Practice making a plan to reach personal goals.

  • Predict the impact of unintended pregnancy, HIV infection, AIDS, and other STIs on goal achievement.

  • Conclude that abstinence from sex and drugs are the most effective ways to avoid unintended pregnancy and infection with HIV or other STIs.
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Lesson 21:  Sharing Our Knowledge and Skills–
Part 1

The students will:

  • Decide what information and/or skills are critical to share with others to help them avoid pregnancy, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections.

  • Prepare a project to motivate others to be informed about, and protect themselves and their partners from, pregnancy and STIs.
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Lesson 22:  Sharing Our Knowledge and Skills–
Part 2

The students will:
  • Execute projects to motivate others to be informed about abstinence and how to protect themselves and others from pregnancy and STIs.
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